W. B. Yeats

(1865-1939)

Irsk digter. Kom fra en protestantisk kunstnerfamilie. Flyttede 1887 til London. Ungdomsdigtningen påvirket af præraphaëlitterne og symbolismen. Yeats udviklede sig både indenfor sin lyriske og den dramatiske digtning til en visionær, men ofte vanskeligt tilgængelig digter, ikke mindst ved sin brug af irsk folklore og sagnhistorie: The Secret Rose (1897), The Wanderings of Oisin (1889), The Wind Among the Reeds (1899, da. Blæsten mellem sivene, 1899). Yeats udviklede desuden tidligt en interesse for mystik (redigerede bl.a. William Blakes værker) og det okkulte (fremstillet i A Vision (1925, rev. 1937)). Som nationalist stiftede han 1891-92 The Irish Litterary Society i London og i Dublin. Var medstifter af det irske nationalteater - Abbey Theatre i Dublin, som han kom til at lede og hvortil han skrev en række skuespil med irske motiver, bl.a. Cathleen Ni Houlihan (1902), On Baile’s Strand (1902), Deirdre (1907) og senere At Hawks’ Well (1926) og The Death of Cuchulain (1939). Hans indsats bidrog til den irske dramatiks opblomstring. Lod sig omkring 1910 inspirere af vennen Ezra Pound til at eksperimentere med det japanske masketeater. Under Første Verdenskrig ligeledes under indflydelse af T. S. Eliot og modernismen (Two Plays for Dancers (1924)) og udviklede en virkelighedsnær aktuel poesi: The Wild Swans at Coole (1917), Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921, omhandlende bl.a. Påskeopstanden 1916), The Lake Isle of Innisfree (1924). Hans visionære symbolik nåede et højdepunkt med digtsamlingen The Tower (1928, bl.a. med det berømte digt ’Sailing to Byzantium’). Havde i samarbejde med Maud Gonne deltaget i den national-revolutionære bevægelse. Efter skuffelse over den politiske udvikling i Irland omkring 1913-14, genoptog han med frisk mod det nationale arbejde efter Påskeopstanden 1916 og var en årrække (1922-28) senator i den nye irske fristat. Hans erindringer kom på dansk 1942 (Drømmerier over barneår og ungdom). Fik 1923 Nobelprisen. Tilbage til persongalleri >

 


Tekster af W. B. Yeats:

Under forberedelse
 

 


Bibliografi:

Digte

  • The Wanderings of Oisín and other poems (1889)
  • Crossways (1889)
  • The Rose (1893)
  • Poems (1895)
  • The Wind Among the Reeds (1899). Da. v. V. Rørdam. Blæsten mellem sivene (1924)
  • In the Seven Woods (1903)
  • The Shadowy Waters (1906). Da. v. V. Rørdam. Blæsten mellem sivene (1924)
  • The Green Helmet and Other Poems (1910)
  • Poems Written in Discouragement (1913)
  • Responsibilities. Poems and a Play (1914)
  • The Wild Swans at Coole (1917)
  • Michael Robartes and the Dancer (1921)
  • Seven Poems and a Fragment (1922)
  • The Cat and the Moon and Certain Poems (1924)
  • October Blast (1927)
  • The Tower (1928)
  • Words for Music Perhaps and Other Poems (1932)
  • Wheels and Butterflies (1934)
  • The King of the Great Clock Tower (1934)
  • The Winding Stair (1933)
  • Collected Poems (1933)
  • Parnell's Funeral and Other Poems (1935)
  • A Full Moon in March (1935)
  • New poems (1938)
  • Last Poems and Two Plays (1939)
  • Collected Poems (1950)
  • The Variorum Edition of the Poems (1957)

- Ligeledes på dansk, De tre Tiggere v. O. Gelsted (1949)

Fortællinger

  • The Island of Statutes (1885)
  • Mosada (1886)
  • Fairy and Folk Tales of the Irish Peasantry (1888) Genudg. Colin Smyth (1973)
  • John Sherman and Dhoya (1891)
  • Irish Fairy Tales (1892)
  • The Celtic Twilight (1893)
  • The Secret Rose (1897)
  • Where There is Nothing (1897)
  • The Tables of the Law; the Adoration of the Magi (1897)
  • The Speckled Bird (1897/1901)
  • Ideas of Good and Evil (1903)
  • Stories of Red Hanrahan (1905)
  • The Golden Helmet (1908)
  • Introduction to R. Tagore's Gitanjali: Song Offering (1910)
  • The Travelling Man (1910)
  • The Trembling of the Veil (1922)
  • Stories of Michael Robartes and his Friends (1932)
  • Wheels and Butterflies (1934)
  • Dramatis Personae (1935)

Skuespil

  • The Countess Kathleen (1892)
  • The Land of the Heart's Desire (1894)
  • Cathleen Ni Houlihan (1902). Da. v. V. Rørdam. Blæsten mellem sivene (1924)
  • Where There is Nothing (1902)
  • The Hour Glass (1903)
  • On Baile's Strand (1903)
  • The Pot of Broth (1903)
  • The King's Threshold (1904)
  • Deidre (1907)
  • The Unicorn from the Stars (1908)
  • Plays for the Irish Theatre (1911)
  • At the Hawk's Well (1916)
  • The Dreaming of the Bones (1919)
  • The Only Jealousy of Emer (1919)
  • Calvary (1921)
  • The Player Queen (1922)
  • The Cat and the Moon (1924)
  • The Ressurrection (1927)
  • Sophocles' King Oedipus (1928)
  • Sophocles' Oedipus at Colonus (1934)
  • The Words Upon the Window Pane (1934) Da. Ordene på ruden (1987)
  • Collected Plays (1934)
  • A Full Moon in March (1935)
  • The King of the Great Clock Tower (1935)
  • The Herne's Egg (1938)
  • Purgatory (1939)
  • The Death of Cuchulain (1939)
  • Diarmuid and Grania (1951)
  • Collected Plays (1952/1977)

Afhandlinger, erindringer, taler o.a.

  • The Poems of William Blake (1893)
  • The Works of William Blake I-III (1893)
  • Ideas of Good and Evil (1903)
  • Poems of Spenser (1906)
  • Discoveries (1908)
  • Reveries over childhood and youth (1914). Da. v. V. Rørdam, Drømmerier over Barneår og Ungdom (1924)
  • Per Amica Silentia Lunae (1918)
  • The Cutting of an Agate (1919)
  • The Oxford Book of Verse (1936)
  • A Vision (1925/1937)
  • Essays 1931-36 (1937)
  • On the Boiler (1939)
  • Autobiographies (1955)
  • Mythologies (1959)
  • The Senate Speeches of W. B. Yeats (1961). Red. D. R. Pearse
  • Essays and Introductions (1961)
  • Explorations (1962). Red. G. Yeats
  • Uncollected Prose I-II (1970-75). Red. J. P. Frayne and C. Johnson
  • Memoirs (1972) Red. D. Donoghue
  • Selected Criticism and Prose (1980)
  • Prefaces and Introductions (1988)

Breve

  • Letters on Poetry from W.B. Yeats to Dorothy Wellesley (1940) Red. K. Raine
  • Florence Farr, Bernard Shaw and W. B. Yeats (1941)
  • The Letters of W. B. Yeats (1955/1980). Red. A. Wade
  • W. B. Yeats and T. Sturge Moore: The Correspondance 1901-37 (1953)
  • W. B. Yeats: Letters to Kathrine Tynan (1953)
  • The Collected Letters of W. B. Yeats I- (1986-). Red. J. Kelly & E. Domville

Samlede værker

  • The collected works of W. B. Yeats I- (1984-) Red. R. J. Finneran & G. M. Harper

Om W. B. Yeats

H. Bloom: Yeats. London 1970

T. Brown: The life of W.B. Yeats : a critical biography. Oxford 1999

T. L. Byrd: The Early Poetry of W. B. Yeats. Port Washington 1978

R. Cowell (ed): Critics on Yeats. London 1979

D. Donoghue: William Butler Yeats. New York 1971

R. Ellmann: The Identity of Yeats. London 1964

R. Ellmann: Yeats: The Man and the Masks. London 1973

E. Engelberg: The Vast Design: Patterns in W. B. Yeats' Aesthetic. Toronto 1964

C. Ferrall: Modernist Writing and Reactionary Politics. Cambridge 2001

R. F. Foster: W. B. Yeats : a life. New York 1997

G. S. Fraser: W. B. Yeats. London 1965

G. M. Harper: The Making of Yeats' "A Vision". Carbondale 1987

T. R. Henn: The Lonely Tower. Studies in Poetry of W. B. Yeats. London 1965

A. N. Jeffares: A New Commentary on the Poems of W. B. Yeats. Stanford 1984

A. N. Jeffares: Yeats Poems. London 1989

C. Jordan: A Terrible Beauty: The Easter Rebellion and Yeats's "Great Tapestry". Lewisburg 1987

M. MacLiammóér & E. Boland: W. B. Yeats and his World. London 1974

P. L. Marcus: Yeats and the beginning of the Irish renaissance. London 1970

L. E. Nathan: The Tragic Drama of William Butler Yeats. New York 1965

J. Stallworthy: Between the Lines. Yeats' Poetry in the Making. Oxford 1963

J. Unterecker: A Reader's Guide to William Butler Yeats. London 1959

H. Vendler: Yeats' Vision and the Later Plays. Cambridge 1963

B. S. Webster: Yeats: A Psychoanalytic Study. Stanford 1973

 

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